Phytosterols are plant-based steroids that chemically have similar structures to cholesterol. They are classified into two groups, sterols and stanols.
They are beta-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, beta-sitostanol, brassicasterol, and furostanol.
Fruits: coconut, acai berry, goji berry, lemon, persimmon, plum, sea buckthorn, strawberry, and cherries.
Vegetables: alfalfa sprouts, amaranth, avocado, beets, bell pepper, cabbage, celery, cucumber, eggplant, onion, potatoes, pumpkin, tomatoes, turnip, turnip greens, and yams.
- They help reduce blood cholesterol level by competing with the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine.
- They may improve cardiovascular health.
- They may increase the production of male hormones.