The most popular forms of chromium are picolinate, citrate, and chloride with picolinate being the most studied one. Chromium picolinate helps maintain healthy glucose level. Also chromium has been linked with the production of DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone).
The best source of chromium is brewer`s years. Other sources are whole grains, eggs, and meats.
Athletic Benefits of Chromium:
- Balances blood sugar level.
- Helps rebuild glycogen storages especially when taken with carbohydrates.
- May help reduce body fat.
- May increase muscle mass by enhancing DHEA level.
- Increases insulin sensitivity.
- Valuable in weight management by improving the metabolism of carbohydrates and reducing carvings for carbohydrates.
- Useful in preparing for competitions wherein “muscle definition” is highly important.
Non – Athletic Benefits of Chromium:
Chromium may be beneficial in the following conditions:
- High cholesterol.
- High triglyceride.
- Metabolic syndrome.
- PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome).
- Corticosteroids – induced hyperglycemia.
- Carving for carbohydrates during weight loss program. To reduce craving for carbohydrates, a combination of chromium, glutamine, and 5 – HTP shows better results.
Dosage and Interactions:
Chromium is taken orally 200 – 1000 mcg per day.
The following interactions should be kept in mind:
- When taking along with insulin or any other anti – diabetic medications, chromium might cause hypoglycemia.
- If you have hypothyroidism and are taking levothyroxine, chromium may decrease the absorption of the medication. Therefore, avoid taking chromium within 4 hours after taking levothyroxine.
- NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) may increase chromium level in the blood, increasing the risk of hypoglycemia. Thus, do not take chromium and NSAIDs at the same time.