Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is a chronic inflammatory condition recognized as a systemic disease recently. It is characterized by dense infiltrates of lymphocytes and IgG4-secreting plasma cells in different tissues in the body. IgG4-RD is associated with an increased level of IgG4 in the blood in about 60-70% of cases especially during the acute phase.
The exact mechanism by which the IgG4-RD occurs is poorly understood. However, it has been postulated to be an autoimmune in nature. This condition could affect any organs in the body. The many faces of IgG4-RD requires that all health care professionals to get to know this newly proposed clinical-pathologic entity.
IgG4-RD has a relapsing-remitting nature associated with a tendency to form a destructive mass in the affected organs. In fact, the initial inflammatory infiltrates will be replaced by fibrotic lesions followed by forming pseudo-tumors in the affected organs, often leading to biopsy or excision for fear of true malignancy.
Functional food is a food that has been modified to offer an additional function by adding a new ingredient or more of existing ingredients. Functional food is created with the hope ofimproving the health benefits the nature has already provided. They are usually enriched with some "bioactive compounds". Functional foods are usually confused with nutraceauticals and novel foods.
Example of functional foods are:
- Eggs with Omega-3 fatty acids.
- Calcium-enriched orange juice.
- Potatoes enriched with anthocyanin.
- Tomatoes enriched with lycopene.
- Cereals fortified with vitamin B12.
Even though the claimed benefits of functional foods have already rendered them quite appealing, whether they can truly affect human health positively or negatively has made them be highly controversial and debateable.
The Canadian Academy of Sports Nutrition (CAASN) has been actively involved with many health, sports and nutrition-related events. It was an honor to be invited to be among the Canadian delegation during the 2nd Canada-China Forum on Nutrition and Health Care, which was held in Ryerson university in Toronto on October 08, 2016.
The 2nd Canada-China Forum on Nutrition and Health Care at Ryerson university went well, and we were extremely happy that attendees liked the lecture presented by CAASN regarding "Practical Approach To Weight Management". The forum was a great opportunity to exchange knowledge and academic findings between Canada and China.
After the Forum, Mrs Ping Li, deputy secretary general of China Health Care, personally invited CAASN to China to offer presentations and workshops about sports nutrition and weight management! This meant a lot to us! This meant that health officials and sports-governing bodies had started noticing our visions, missions and new approach to some global health concerns!
CAASN Sports Nutrition Certification:
The symptoms of IBS tend to come and go over time, and they include abdominal pain or discomfort, changes in bowel habits as alternating periods of constipation and diarrhea, bloating, belching, nausea, and heartburn. To be labelled with IBS, recurrent abdominal pain or discomfort should be present for at least 3 days in a month for at least 3 months. Abdominal pain or discomfort usually subsides with defecation.
Potential causative and contributing factors:
1) Disordered GI motility.
2) Increased sensitivity of the GI system.
3) Poor stress-managing mechanisms.
5) Poor anxiety-controlling systems.
6) Overactive immune system.
7) Imbalances in normal flora (dysbiosis).
8) Dysregulation of serotonin in the GI system.
9) Food allergies.
10) Candida overgrowth.