Aloe vera is a powerhouse of nutrients and it contains over 200 different nutrients including vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, and phytonutrients. The phytonutrients existed in aloe vera are anthraquinones, mucilage, saponins, and plant sterols.
Anthraquinones are phenolic compounds with laxative and cathartic effects. Mucilage is a glycoprotein that has an anti-inflammatory activity and covers the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract and protects them from being irritated. Aloe vera contains small amounts of saponins and plant sterols.
Aloin is another constituent in aloe vera that gives a bitter taste to the aloe products and has a laxative property as well. Medical authorities have concerns about the safety of aloin in humans.
Cramps are sudden, involuntary, and localized contractions of a muscle with a visible or palpable hardening of the muscle. Cramps are most commonly seen in the leg muscles, especially in the calves. They are painful and last usually few minutes. A leg cramp is sometimes known as “Charley horse” among public. Some people may experience it nighttime, which is called “nocturnal leg cramp”.
Potential contributing factors:
1) Strenuous exercise and muscle fatigue.
3) Electrolyte imbalances, especially magnesium, potassium, calcium and sodium.
4) Nutritional deficiencies, especially vitamin B group.
5) Medications: statins, corticosteroids, diuretics, birth control pills, and medications for high blood pressure.
6) Abnormal anatomy of the lower extremity, for example, flat feet.
7) Alcohol abuse.
8) Medical conditions: low function thyroid, diabetes, kidney failure, Addison’s disease, Parkinson`s disease, hypoglycemia, restless leg syndrome, varicose veins, and multiple sclerosis (MS).
Immediate Approach to Relieve Cramp:
It could contain spores of nasty bacteria named Clostridium Botulinum, which causes Botulism. Since normal bowel flora in children under 12 months old has not yet fully established, this bacteria could colonize and produce a toxin, which causes “infant botulism”. The most common form of botulism in the USA is infant botulism with about 100 cases per year.
2) Eggs (especially egg whites):
They are common sources of allergy and eczema.
Mental clarity and consciousness are among the main factors that may help athletes function better. Smelling salt is chemically ammonium carbonate. It is used as a “wake up” stimulant by athletes to perform better. Smelling salt is legal in sports, as it has no effects on muscular endurance and strength. It simply increases mental alertness.
Smelling salt is generally used by weight lifters, wrestlers, hockey players, powerlifters, gymnasts, strong man competitors, and especially boxers who look dazed or knocked unconscious. Not only is it used by athletes, but also it could be used on people who are about to faint.
It is also called “baker`s ammonia”. It is a white powder that releases ammonia gas when mixed with water. Most sports coaches carry smelling salt solution in a bottle, and they administer to their athletes by asking them to inhale ammonia for 1-3 seconds on their ways to the stage.